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GM1 CS FTL.1.205(c)(1)(ii) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

IN-FLIGHT REST
In-flight rest should be taken during the cruise phase of the flight.

GM2 CS FTL.1.205(c)(1)(ii) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

IN-FLIGHT REST
In-flight rest periods should be allocated in order to optimise the alertness of those flight crew members at control during landing.

GM1 CS FTL.1.205(d) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

DELAYED REPORTING
Operator procedures for delayed reporting should:
(a) specify a contacting mode;
(b) establish minimum and maximum notification times; and
(c) avoid interference with sleeping patterns when possible.

ORO.FTL.210 Flight Times and Duty Periods

(a) The total duty periods to which a crew member may be assigned shall not exceed:
(1) 60 duty hours in any 7 consecutive days;
(2) 110 duty hours in any 14 consecutive days; and
(3) 190 duty hours in any 28 consecutive days, spread as evenly as practicable throughout that period.
(b) The total flight time of the sectors on which an individual crew member is assigned as an operating crew member shall not exceed:
(1) 100 hours of flight time in any 28 consecutive days;
(2) 900 hours of flight time in any calendar year; and
(3) 1 000 hours of flight time in any 12 consecutive calendar months.
(c) Post-flight duty shall count as duty period. The operator shall specify in its operations manual the minimum time period for post-flight duties.

AMC1 ORO.FTL.210(c) Flight Times and Duty Periods

POST-FLIGHT DUTIES
The operator should specify post-flight duty times taking into account the type of operation, the size and type of aircraft and the airport conditions.

ORO.FTL.215 Positioning

If an operator positions a crew member, the following shall apply:
(a) positioning after reporting but prior to operating shall be counted as FDP but shall not count as a sector;
(b) all time spent on positioning shall count as duty period.

ORO.FTL.220 Split Duty

The conditions for extending the basic maximum FDP due to a break on the ground shall be in accordance with the following:
(a) flight time specification schemes shall specify the following elements for split duty in accordance with the certification specifications applicable to the type of operation:
(1) the minimum duration of a break on the ground; and
(2) the possibility to extend the FDP prescribed under point ORO.FTL.205(b) taking into account the duration of the break on the ground, the facilities provided to the crew member to rest and other relevant factors;
(b) the break on the ground shall count in full as FDP;
(c) split duty shall not follow a reduced rest.

CS FTL.1.220 Split Duty

The increase of limits on flight duty, under the provisions of ORO.FTL.220, complies with the following:
(a) The break on the ground within the FDP has a minimum duration of 3 consecutive hours.
(b) The break excludes the time allowed for post and pre-flight duties and travelling. The minimum total time for post and pre-flight duties and travelling is 30 minutes. The operator specifies the actual times in its operations manual.
(c) The maximum FDP specified in ORO.FTL.205(b) may be increased by up to 50 % of the break.
(d) Suitable accommodation is provided either for a break of 6 hours or more or for a break that encroaches the window of circadian low (WOCL).
(e) In all other cases:
(1) accommodation is provided; and
(2) any time of the actual break exceeding 6 hours or any time of the break that encroaches the WOCL does not count for the extension of the FDP.
(f) Split duty cannot be combined with in-flight rest.

GM1 CS FTL.1.220(b) Split Duty

POST, PRE-FLIGHT DUTY AND TRAVELLING TIMES
The operator should specify post and pre-flight duty and travelling times taking into account aircraft type, type of operation and airport conditions.

ORO.FTL.225 Standby and Duties at the Airport

If an operator assigns crew members to standby or to any duty at the airport, the following shall apply in accordance with the certification specifications applicable to the type of operation:
(g) standby and any duty at the airport shall be in the roster and the start and end time of standby shall be defined and notified in advance to the crew members concerned to provide them with the opportunity to plan adequate rest;
(h) a crew member is considered on airport standby from reporting at the reporting point until the end of the notified airport standby period;
(i) airport standby shall count in full as duty period for the purpose of points ORO.FTL.210 and ORO.FTL.235;
(j) any duty at the airport shall count in full as duty period and the FDP shall count in full from the airport duty reporting time;
(k) the operator shall provide accommodation to the crew member on airport standby;
(l) flight time specification schemes shall specify the following elements:
(1) the maximum duration of any standby;
(2) the impact of the time spent on standby on the maximum FDP that may be assigned, taking into account facilities provided to the crew member to rest, and other relevant factors such as:
 the need for immediate readiness of the crew member,
 the interference of standby with sleep, and
 sufficient notification to protect a sleep opportunity between the call for duty and the assigned FDP;
(3) the minimum rest period following standby which does not lead to assignment of an FDP;
(4) how time spent on standby other than airport standby shall be counted for the purpose of cumulative duty periods.

CS FTL.1.225 Standby

The modification of limits on flight duty, duty and rest periods under the provisions of ORO.FTL.225 complies with the following:
(a) Airport standby
(1) If not leading to the assignment of an FDP, airport standby is followed by a rest period as specified in ORO.FTL.235.
(2) If an assigned FDP starts during airport standby, the following applies:
(i) the FDP counts from the start of the FDP. The maximum FDP is reduced by any time spent on standby in excess of 4 hours;
(ii) the maximum combined duration of airport standby and assigned FDP as specified in ORO.FTL.205(b) and (d) is 16 hours.
(b) Standby other than airport standby:
(1) the maximum duration of standby other than airport standby is 16 hours;
(2) The operator’s standby procedures are designed to ensure that the combination of standby and FDP do not lead to more than 18 hours awake time;
(3) 25% of time spent on standby other than airport standby counts as duty time for the purpose of ORO.FTL.210;
(4) standby is followed by a rest period in accordance with ORO.FTL.235;
(5) standby ceases when the crew member reports at the designated reporting point;
(6) if standby ceases within the first 6 hours, the maximum FDP counts from reporting;
(7) if standby ceases after the first 6 hours, the maximum FDP is reduced by the amount of standby time exceeding 6 hours;
(8) if the FDP is extended due to in-flight rest according to CS FTL.1.205(c), or to split duty according to CS FTL.1.220, the 6 hours of paragraph (6) and (7) are extended to 8 hours;
(9) if standby starts between 23:00 and 07:00, the time between 23:00 and 07:00 does not count towards the reduction of the FDP under (6), (7) and (8) until the crew member is contacted by the operator; and
(10) the response time between call and reporting time established by the operator allows the crew member to arrive from his/her place of rest to the designated reporting point within a reasonable time.

GM1 CS FTL.1.225 Standby

MINIMUM REST AND STANDBY
(a) If airport or other standby initially assigned is reduced by the operator during standby that does not lead to an assignment to a flight duty period, the minimum rest requirements specified in ORO.FTL.235 should apply.
(b) If a minimum rest period as specified in ORO.FTL.235 is provided before reporting for the duty assigned during the standby, this time period should not count as standby duty.
(c) Standby other than airport standby counts (partly) as duty for the purpose of ORO.FTL.210 only. If a crew member receives an assignment during standby other than airport standby, the actual reporting time at the designated reporting point should be used for the purpose of ORO.FTL.235.

GM1 CS FTL.1.225(b) Standby

STANDBY OTHER THAN AIRPORT STANDBY NOTIFICATION
Operator procedures for the notification of assigned duties during standby other than airport standby should avoid interference with sleeping patterns if possible.


GM1 CS FTL.1.225(b)(2) Standby

AWAKE TIME
Scientific research shows that continuous awake in excess of 18 hours can reduce the alertness and should be avoided.

GM1 CS FTL.1.225(b)(2) Standby

AWAKE TIME
Scientific research shows that continuous awake in excess of 18 hours can reduce the alertness and should be avoided.

ORO.FTL.230 Reserve

If an operator assigns crew members to reserve, the following requirements shall apply in accordance with the certification specifications applicable to the type of operation:
(a) reserve shall be in the roster;
(b) flight time specification schemes shall specify the following elements:
(1) the maximum duration of any single reserve period;
(2) the number of consecutive reserve days that may be assigned to a crew member.

CS FTL.1.230 Reserve

The operator assigns duties to a crew member on reserve under the provisions of
ORO.FTL.230 complying with the following:
(a) An assigned FDP counts from the reporting time.
(b) Reserve times do not count as duty period for the purpose of ORO.FTL.210 and ORO.FTL.235.
(c) The operator defines the maximum number of consecutive reserve days within the limits of ORO.FTL.235(d).
(d) To protect an 8-hour sleep opportunity, the operator rosters a period of 8 hours, taking into account fatigue management principles, for each reserve day during which a crew member on reserve is not contacted by the operator.

GM1 ORO.FTL.230(a) Reserve

ROSTERING OF RESERVE
Including reserve in a roster , also referred to as 'rostering', implies that a reserve period that does not result in a duty period may not retrospectively be considered as part of a recurrent extended recovery rest period.

GM1 CS FTL.1.230 Reserve

RESERVE NOTIFICATION
Operator procedures for the notification of assigned duties during reserve should avoid interference with sleeping patterns if possible.

GM2 CS FTL.1.230 Reserve

NOTIFICATION IN ADVANCE
The minimum 'at least 10 hours' between the notification of an assignment for any duty and reporting for that duty during reserve may include the period of 8 hours during which a crew member on reserve is not contacted by the operator.

GM1 CS FTL.1.230(c) Reserve

RECURRENT EXTENDED RECOVERY REST
ORO.FTL.235(d) applies to a crew member on reserve.

ORO.FTL.235 Rest Periods

(a) Minimum rest period at home base.
(1) The minimum rest period provided before undertaking an FDP starting at home base shall be at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 12 hours, whichever is greater.
(2) By way of derogation from point (1), the minimum rest provided under point (b) applies if the operator provides suitable accommodation to the crew member at home base.
(b) Minimum rest period away from home base.
The minimum rest period provided before undertaking an FDP starting away from home base shall be at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 10 hours, whichever is greater. This period shall include an 8-hour sleep opportunity in addition to the time for travelling and physiological needs.
(c) Reduced rest
By derogation from points (a) and (b), flight time specification schemes may reduce the minimum rest periods in accordance with the certification specifications applicable to the type of operation and taking into account the following elements:
(1) the minimum reduced rest period;
(2) the increase of the subsequent rest period; and
(3) the reduction of the FDP following the reduced rest.
(d) Recurrent extended recovery rest periods
Flight time specification schemes shall specify recurrent extended recovery rest periods to compensate for cumulative fatigue. The minimum recurrent extended recovery rest period shall be 36 hours, including 2 local nights, and in any case the time between the end of one recurrent extended recovery rest period and the start of the next extended recovery rest period shall not be more than 168 hours. The recurrent extended recovery rest period shall be increased to 2 local days twice every month.
(e) Flight time specification schemes shall specify additional rest periods in accordance with the applicable certification specifications to compensate for:
(1) the effects of time zone differences and extensions of the FDP;
(2) additional cumulative fatigue due to disruptive schedules; and
(3) a change of home base.

CS FTL.1.235 Rest Periods

(a) Disruptive schedules
(1) If a transition from a late finish/night duty to an early start is planned at home base, the rest period between the 2 FDPs includes 1 local night.
(2) If a crew member performs 4 or more night duties, early starts or late finishes between 2 extended recovery rest periods as defined in ORO.FTL.235(d), the second extended recovery rest period is extended to 60 hours.
(b) Time zone differences
(1) For the purpose of ORO.FTL.235(e)(1), ‘rotation’ is a series of duties, including at least one flight duty, and rest period out of home base, starting at home base and ending when returning to home base for a rest period where the operator is no longer responsible for the accommodation of the crew member.
(2) The operator monitors rotations and combinations of rotations in terms of their effect on crew member fatigue, and adapts the rosters as necessary.
(3) Time zone differences are compensated by additional rest, as follows:
(i) At home base, if a rotation involves a 4 hour time difference or more, the minimum rest is as specified in the following table.
Minimum local nights of rest at home base to compensate for time zone differences

TABULKA

Maximum time difference (h) between reference time and local time where a crew member rests during a rotation

(ii) Away from home base, if an FDP involves a 4-hour time difference or more, the minimum rest following that FDP is at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 14 hours, whichever is greater. By way of derogation from point (b)(3)(i) and only once between 2 recurrent extended recovery rest periods as specified in ORO.FTL.235(d), the minimum rest provided under this point (b)(3)(ii) may also apply to home base if the operator provides suitable accommodation to the crew member.
(4) In case of an Eastward-Westward or Westward-Eastward transition, at least 3 local nights of rest at home base are provided between alternating rotations.
(5) The monitoring of combinations of rotations is conducted under the operator’s management system provisions.
(c) Reduced rest
(1) The minimum reduced rest periods under reduced rest arrangements are 12 hours at home base and 10 hours out of base.
(2) Reduced rest is used under fatigue risk management.
(3) The rest period following the reduced rest is extended by the difference between the minimum rest period specified in ORO.FTL.235(a) or (b) and the reduced rest.
(4) The FDP following the reduced rest is reduced by the difference between the minimum rest period specified in ORO.FTL.235(a) or (b) as applicable and the reduced rest.
(5) There is a maximum of 2 reduced rest periods between 2 recurrent extended recovery rest periods specified in accordance with ORO.FTL.235(d).

GM1 ORO.FTL.235(a)(2) Rest Periods

MINIMUM REST PERIOD AT HOME BASE IF SUITABLE ACCOMMODATION IS PROVIDED
An operator may apply the minimum rest period away from home base during a rotation which includes a rest period at a crew member’s home base. This applies only if the crew member does not rest at his/her residence, or temporary accommodation, because the operator provides suitable accommodation. This type of roster is known as "back-to-back operation".

AMC1 ORO.FTL.235(b) Rest Periods

MINIMUM REST PERIOD AWAY FROM HOME BASE
The time allowed for physiological needs should be 1 hour. Consequently, if the travelling time to the suitable accommodation is more than 30 minutes, the operator should increase the rest period by twice the amount of difference of travelling time above 30 minutes.

GM1 CS FTL.1.235(b)(3) Rest Periods

TIME ELAPSED SINCE REPORTING
The time elapsed since reporting for a rotation involving at least a 4-hour time difference to the reference time stops counting when the crew member returns to his/her home base for a rest period during which the operator is no longer responsible for the accommodation of the crew member.

ORO.FTL.240 Nutrition

(a) During the FDP there shall be the opportunity for a meal and drink in order to avoid any detriment to a crew member’s performance, especially when the FDP exceeds 6 hours.
(b) An operator shall specify in its operations manual how the crew member’s nutrition during FDP is ensured.

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