Přeskočit navigaci

EU.OPS

GM1 CS FTL.1.200 Home Base

TRAVELLING TIME
Crew members should consider making arrangements for temporary accommodation closer to their home base if the travelling time from their residence to their home base usually exceeds 90 minutes.

ORO.FTL.205 Flight Duty Period (FDP)

(a) The operator shall:
(1) define reporting times appropriate to each individual operation taking into account ORO.FTL.110(c);
(2) establish procedures specifying how the commander shall, in case of special circumstances which could lead to severe fatigue, and after consultation with the crew members concerned, reduce the actual FDP and/or increase the rest period in order to eliminate any detrimental effect on flight safety.
(b) Basic maximum daily FDP.
(1) The maximum daily FDP without the use of extensions for acclimatised crew members shall be in accordance with the following table:

GM1 ORO.FTL.105(17) Definitions

OPERATING CREW MEMBER
A person on board an aircraft is either a crew member or a passenger. If a crew member is not a passenger on board an aircraft he/she should be considered as ‘carrying out duties’. The crew member remains an operating crew member during in-flight rest. In-flight rest counts in full as FDP, and for the purpose of ORO.FTL.210.

ORO.FTL.110 Operator Responsibilities

An operator shall:
(a) publish duty rosters sufficiently in advance to provide the opportunity for crew members to plan adequate rest;
(b) ensure that flight duty periods are planned in a way that enables crew members to remain sufficiently free from fatigue so that they can operate to a satisfactory level of safety under all circumstances;
(c) specify reporting times that allow sufficient time for ground duties;
(d) take into account the relationship between the frequency and pattern of flight duty periods and rest periods and give consideration to the cumulative effects of undertaking long duty hours combined with minimum rest periods;
(e) allocate duty patterns which avoid practices that cause a serious disruption of an established sleep/work pattern, such as alternating day/night duties;
(f) comply with the provisions concerning disruptive schedules in accordance with ARO.OPS.230;
(g) provide rest periods of sufficient time to enable crew members to overcome the effects of the previous duties and to be rested by the start of the following flight duty period;
(h) plan recurrent extended recovery rest periods and notify crew members sufficiently in advance;
(i) plan flight duties in order to be completed within the allowable flight duty period taking into account the time necessary for pre-flight duties, the sector and turnaround times;
(j) change a schedule and/or crew arrangements if the actual operation exceeds the maximum flight duty period on more than 33% of the flight duties in that schedule during a scheduled seasonal period.

AMC1 ORO.FTL.110 Operator Responsibilities

SCHEDULING
(a) Scheduling has an important impact on a crew member’s ability to sleep and to maintain a proper level of alertness. When developing a workable roster, the operator should strike a fair balance between the commercial needs and the capacity of individual crew members to work effectively. Rosters should be developed in such a way that they distribute the amount of work evenly among those that are involved.
(b) Schedules should allow for flights to be completed within the maximum permitted flight duty period and flight rosters should take into account the time needed for pre- flight duties, taxiing, the flight- and turnaround times. Other factors to be considered when planning duty periods should include:
(1) the allocation of work patterns which avoid undesirable practices such as alternating day/night duties, alternating eastward-westward or westward- eastward time zone transitions, positioning of crew members so that a serious disruption of established sleep/work patterns occurs;
(2) scheduling sufficient rest periods especially after long flights crossing many time zones; and
(3) preparation of duty rosters sufficiently in advance with planning of recurrent extended recovery rest periods and notification of the crew members well in advance to plan adequate pre-duty rest.

AMC1 ORO.FTL.110(j) Operator Responsibilities

PUBLICATION OF ROSTERS
Rosters should be published 14 days in advance. AMC1 ORO.FTL.110(a) Operator Responsibilities OPERATIONAL ROBUSTNESS OF ROSTERS
The operator should establish and monitor performance indicators for operational robustness of rosters.

GM1 ORO.FTL.110(a) Operator Responsibilities

OPERATIONAL ROBUSTNESS OF ROSTERS
Performance indicators for operational robustness of rosters should support the operator in the assessment of the stability of its rostering system. Performance indicators for operational robustness of rosters should at least measure how often a rostered crew pairing for a duty period is achieved within the planned duration of that duty period. Crew pairing means rostered positioning and flights for crew members in one duty period.

Table 2

Maximum daily FDP – Acclimatised crew members


(2) The maximum daily FDP when crew members are in an unknown state of acclimatisation shall be in accordance with the following table:

Table 3

 Crew members in an unknown state of acclimatisation



(3) The maximum daily FDP when crew members are in an unknown state of acclimatisation and the operator has implemented a FRM, shall be in accordance with the following table:

Table 4

 Crew members in an unknown state of acclimatisation under FRM

(c) FDP with different reporting time for flight crew and cabin crew.
Whenever cabin crew requires more time than the flight crew for their pre-flight briefing for the same sector or series of sectors, the FDP of the cabin crew may be extended by the difference in reporting time between the cabin crew and the flight crew. The difference shall not exceed 1 hour. The maximum daily FDP for cabin crew shall be based on the time at which the flight crew report for their FDP, but the FDP shall start at the reporting time of the cabin crew.
(d) Maximum daily FDP for acclimatised crew members with the use of extensions without in-flight rest.
(1) The maximum daily FDP may be extended by up to 1 hour not more than twice in any 7 consecutive days. In that case:
(i) the minimum pre-flight and post-flight rest periods shall be increased by 2 hours; or
(ii) the post-flight rest period shall be increased by 4 hours.
(2) When extensions are used for consecutive FDPs, the additional pre- and post- flight rest between the two extended FDPs required under subparagraph 1 shall be provided consecutively.
(3) The use of the extension shall be planned in advance, and shall be limited to a maximum of:
(i) 5 sectors when the WOCL is not encroached; or
(ii) 4 sectors, when the WOCL is encroached by 2 hours or less; or
(iii) 2 sectors, when the WOCL is encroached by more than 2 hours.
(4) Extension of the maximum basic daily FDP without in-flight rest shall not be combined with extensions due to in-flight rest or split duty in the same duty period.
(5) Flight time specification schemes shall specify the limits for extensions of the maximum basic daily FDP in accordance with the certification specifications applicable to the type of operation, taking into account:
(i) the number of sectors flown; and
(ii) WOCL encroachment.
(e) Maximum daily FDP with the use of extensions due to in-flight rest
(1) Flight time specification schemes shall specify the conditions for extensions of the maximum basic daily FDP with in-flight rest in accordance with the certification specifications applicable to the type of operation, taking into account:
(i) the number of sectors flown;
(ii) the minimum in-flight rest allocated to each crew member;
(iii) the type of in-flight rest facilities; and
(iv) the augmentation of the basic flight crew.
(f) Unforeseen circumstances in flight operations — commander’s discretion
(1) The conditions to modify the limits on flight duty, duty and rest periods by the commander in the case of unforeseen circumstances in flight operations, which start at or after the reporting time, shall comply with the following:
(i) the maximum daily FDP which results after applying points (b) and (e) of point ORO.FTL.205 or point ORO.FTL.220 may not be increased by more than 2 hours unless the flight crew has been augmented, in which case the maximum flight duty period may be increased by not more than 3 hours;
(ii) if on the final sector within an FDP the allowed increase is exceeded because of unforeseen circumstances after take-off, the flight may continue to the planned destination or alternate aerodrome; and
(iii) the rest period following the FDP may be reduced but can never be less than 10 hours.
(2) In case of unforeseen circumstances which could lead to severe fatigue, the commander shall reduce the actual flight duty period and/or increase the rest period in order to eliminate any detrimental effect on flight safety.
(3) The commander shall consult all crew members on their alertness levels before deciding the modifications under subparagraphs 1 and 2.
(4) The commander shall submit a report to the operator when an FDP is increased or a rest period is reduced at his or her discretion.
(5) Where the increase of an FDP or reduction of a rest period exceeds 1 hour, a copy of the report, to which the operator shall add its comments, shall be sent by the operator to the competent authority not later than 28 days after the event
(6) The operator shall implement a non-punitive process for the use of the discretion described under this provision and shall describe it in the operations manual.
(g) Unforeseen circumstances in flight operations — delayed reporting
The operator shall establish procedures, in the operations manual, for delayed reporting in the event of unforeseen circumstances, in accordance with the certification specifications applicable to the type of operation.

CS FTL.1.205 Flight Duty Period (FDP)


(a) Night duties under the provisions of ORO.FTL.205(b) and (d) comply with the following:
(1) When establishing the maximum FDP for consecutive night duties, the number of sectors is limited to 4 sectors per duty.
(2) The operator applies appropriate fatigue risk management to actively manage the fatiguing effect of night duties of more than 10 hours in relation to the surrounding duties and rest periods.
(b) Extension of FDP without in-flight rest
The extension of FDP without in-flight rest under the provisions of
ORO.FTL.205(d)(5) is limited to the values specified in the table below.

Maximum daily FDP with extension


(c) Extension of FDP due to in-flight rest
In-flight rest facilities in accordance with ORO.FTL.205(e)(iii) fulfil the following minimum standards:
- ‘Class 1 rest facility’ means a bunk or other surface that allows for a flat or near flat sleeping position. It reclines to at least 80° back angle to the vertical and is located separately from both the flight crew compartment and the passenger cabin in an area that allows the crew member to control light, and provides isolation from noise and disturbance;
- ‘Class 2 rest facility’ means a seat in an aircraft cabin that reclines at least 45° back angle to the vertical, has at least a pitch of 55 inches (137.5 cm), a seat width of at least 20 inches (50 cm) and provides leg and foot support. It is separated from passengers by at least a curtain to provide darkness and some sound mitigation, and is reasonably free from disturbance by passengers or crew members;
- ‘Class 3 rest facility’ means a seat in an aircraft cabin or flight crew compartment that reclines at least 40° from the vertical, provides leg and foot support and is separated from passengers by at least a curtain to provide darkness and some sound mitigation, and is not adjacent to any seat occupied by passengers.
(d) The extension of FDP with in-flight rest under the provisions of ORO.FTL.205(e)
(1) complies with the following:
(i) the FDP is limited to 3 sectors; and
(ii) the minimum in-flight rest period is a consecutive 90-minute period for each crew member and 2 consecutive hours for the flight crew members at control during landing.
(2) The maximum daily FDP under the provisions of ORO.FTL.205 (e) may be extended due to in-flight rest for flight crew:
(i) with one additional flight crew member:
(A) up to 14 hours with class 3 rest facilities;
(B) up to 15 hours with class 2 rest facilities; or
(C) up to 16 hours with class 1 rest facilities;
(ii) with two additional flight crew members:
(A) up to 15 hours with class 3 rest facilities;
(B) up to 16 hours with class 2 rest facilities; or
(C) up to 17 hours with class 1 rest facilities.
(3) The minimum in-flight rest for each cabin crew member is:



(4) The limits specified in (2) may be increased by 1 hour for FDPs that include 1 sector of more than 9 hours of continuous flight time and a maximum of 2 sectors.
(5) All time spent in the rest facility is counted as FDP.
(6) The minimum rest at destination is at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 14 hours, whichever is greater.
(7) A crew member does not start a positioning sector to become part of this operating crew on the same flight.
(e) Unforeseen circumstances in flight operations — delayed reporting
(1) The operator may delay the reporting time in the event of unforeseen circumstances, if procedures for delayed reporting are established in the operations manual. The operator keeps records of delayed reporting. Delayed reporting procedures establish a notification time allowing a crew member to remain in his/her suitable accommodation when the delayed reporting procedure is activated. In such a case, if the crew member is informed of the delayed reporting time, the FDP is calculated as follows:
(i) one notification of a delay leads to the calculation of the maximum FDP
(ii) according to (iii) or (iv);
(iii) if the reporting time is further amended, the FDP starts counting 1 hour after the second notification or at the original delayed reporting time if this is earlier;
(iv) when the delay is less than 4 hours, the maximum FDP is calculated based on the original reporting time and the FDP starts counting at the delayed reporting time;
(v) when the delay is 4 hours or more, the maximum FDP is calculated based on the more limiting of the original or the delayed reporting time and the FDP starts counting at the delayed reporting time;
(vi) as an exception to (i) and (ii), when the operator informs the crew member of a delay of 10 hours or more in reporting time and the crew member is not further disturbed by the operator, such delay of 10 hours or more counts as a rest period.

GM1 CS FTL.1.205(a)(2) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

NIGHT DUTIES – APPROPRIATE FATIGUE RISK MANAGEMENT
(a) When rostering night duties of more than 10 hours (referred to below as ‘long night duties’), it is critical for the crew member to obtain sufficient sleep before such duties when he/she is adapted to being awake during day time hours at the local time where he/she is acclimatised. To optimise alertness on long night duties, the likelihood of obtaining sleep as close as possible to the start of the FDP should be considered, when rostering rest periods before long night duties, by providing sufficient time to the crew member to adapt to being awake during the night. Rostering practices leading to extended wakefulness before reporting for such duties should be avoided. Fatigue risk management principles that could be applied to the rostering of long night duties may include:
(1) avoiding long night duties after extended recovery rest periods
(2) progressively delaying the rostered ending time of the FDPs preceding long night duties;
(3) starting a block of night duties with a shorter FDP; and
(4) avoiding the sequence of early starts and long night duties.
(b) Fatigue risk management principles may be applied to the rostering of long night duties by means of:
(1) considering operator or industry operational experience and data collected on similar operations;
(2) evidence-based scheduling practices; and
(3) bio-mathematical models.

GM1 ORO.FTL.205(a)(1) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

REPORTING TIMES
The operator should specify reporting times taking into account the type of operation, the size and type of aircraft and the reporting airport conditions.

GM1 ORO.FTL.205(b)(1) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

REFERENCE TIME
The start time of the FDP in the table refers to the ‘reference time’. That means, to the local time of the point of departure, if this point of departure is within a 2-hour wide time zone band around the local time where a crew member is acclimatised.

AMC1 ORO.FTL.205(f) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

UNFORESEEN CIRCUMSTANCES IN ACTUAL FLIGHT OPERATIONS – COMMANDER’S DISCRETION
(a) As general guidance when developing a commander’s discretion policy, the operator should take into consideration the shared responsibility of management, flight and cabin crew in the case of unforeseen circumstances. The exercise of commander’s discretion should be considered exceptional and should be avoided at home base and/or company hubs where standby or reserve crew members should be available. Operators should asses on a regular basis the series of pairings where commander’s discretion has been exercised in order to be aware of possible inconsistencies in their rostering.
(b) The operator’s policy on commander’s discretion should state the safety objectives, especially in the case of an extended FDP or reduced rest and should take due consideration of additional factors that might decrease a crew member’s alertness levels, such as:
(1) WOCL encroachment;
(2) weather conditions;
(3) complexity of the operation and/or airport environment;
(4) aeroplane malfunctions or specifications;
(5) flight with training or supervisory duties;
(6) increased number of sectors;
(7) circadian disruption; and
(8) individual conditions of affected crew members (time since awake, sleep-related factor, workload, etc.).

GM1 ORO.FTL.205(f)(1)(i) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

COMMANDER’S DISCRETION
The maximum basic daily FDP that results after applying ORO.FTL.205(b) should be used to calculate the limits of commander’s discretion, if commander’s discretion is applied to an FDP which has been extended under the provisions of ORO.FTL.205(d).

Počet položek: 125,  « Back | Next » Stránka 3 z 5

Page: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Up

copyright © 2005 – 2012 Flight Time Limits | created by Evžen Vlk | XHTML 1.0 | CSS 2