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FTL Requirements

EU.OPS.FTL

OPS 1.1090 Objective and scope

1. An operator shall establish a flight and duty time limitations and rest scheme (FTL) for crew members.
2. An operator shall ensure that for all its flights: 
2.1. The flight and duty time limitations and rest scheme is in accordance with both:
(a) the provisions of this Subpart; and
(b) any additional provisions that are applied by the Authority in accordance with the provisions of this Subpart
for the purpose of maintaining safety.
2.2. Flights are planned to be completed within the allowable flight duty period taking into account the time necessary
for pre-flight duties, the flight and turn-around times.
2.3. Duty rosters will be prepared and published sufficiently in advance to provide the opportunity for crew members to
plan adequate rest.
3. Operators’ responsibilities
3.1. An operator shall nominate a home base for each crew member.
3.2. Operators shall be expected to appreciate the relationship between the frequencies and pattern of flight duty periods
and rest periods and give due consideration to the cumulative effects of undertaking long duty hours interspersed
with minimum rest.
3.3. Operators shall allocate duty patterns which avoid such undesirable practices as alternating day/night duties or the
positioning of crew members so that a serious disruption of established sleep/work pattern occurs.
3.4. Operators shall plan local days free of duty and notify crew members in advance.
3.5. Operators shall ensure that rest periods provide sufficient time to enable crew to overcome the effects of the previous
duties and to be well rested by the start of the following flight duty period.
3.6. Operators shall ensure flight duty periods are planned to enable crew members to remain sufficiently free from fatigue
so they can operate to a satisfactory level of safety under all circumstances.
4. Crew members’ responsibilities
4.1. A crew member shall not operate an aeroplane if he/she knows that he/she is suffering from or is likely to suffer from
fatigue or feels unfit, to the extent that the flight may be endangered.
4.2. Crew members should make optimum use of the opportunities and facilities for rest provided and plan and use their
rest periods properly.
5. Responsibilities of Civil Aviation Authorities
5.1. Variations
5.1.1. Subject to the provisions of Article 8, the Authority may grant variations to the requirements in this Subpart in accordance
with applicable laws and procedures within the Member States concerned and in consultation with interested
parties.

5.1.2. Each operator will have to demonstrate to the Authority, using operational experience and taking into account other
relevant factors such as current scientific knowledge, that its request for a variation produces an equivalent level of
safety.
Such variations will be accompanied with suitable mitigation measures where appropriate.

OPS 1.1095 Definitions

For the purposes of this Regulation, the following definitions shall apply:
1.1. Augmented flight crew:
A flight crew which comprises more than the minimum number required for the operation of the aeroplane and in
which each flight crew member can leave his/her post and be replaced by another appropriately qualified flight crew
member.
1.2. Block time:
The time between an aeroplane first moving from its parking place for the purpose of taking off until it comes to rest
on the designated parking position and all engines or propellers are stopped.
1.3. Break:
A period free of all duties, which counts as duty, being less than a rest period.
1.4. Duty:
Any task that a crew member is required to carry out associated with the business of an AOC holder. Unless where
specific rules are provided for by this Regulation, the Authority shall define whether and to what extent standby is to
be accounted for as duty.
1.5. Duty period:
A period which starts when a crew member is required by an operator to commence a duty and ends when the crew
member is free from all duties.
1.6. Flight duty period:
A flight duty period (FDP) is any time during which a person operates in an aircraft as a member of its crew. The FDP
starts when the crew member is required by an operator to report for a flight or a series of flights; it finishes at the end
of the last flight on which he/she is an operating crew member.
1.7. Home base:
The location nominated by the operator to the crew member from where the crew member normally starts and ends
a duty period or a series of duty periods and where, under normal conditions, the operator is not responsible for the
accommodation of the crew member concerned.
1.8. Local day:
A 24 hour period commencing at 00.00 local time.
1.9. Local night:
A period of eight hours falling between 22.00 and 08.00 local time.
1.10. A single day free of duty:
A single day free of duty shall include two local nights. A rest period may be included as part of the day off.

1.11. Operating crew member:
A crew member who carries out his/her duties in an aircraft during a flight or during any part of a flight.
1.12 Positioning:
The transferring of a non-operating crew member from place to place, at the behest of the operator, excluding travelling
time. Travelling time is defined as:
— time from home to a designated reporting place and vice versa,
— time for local transfer from a place of rest to the commencement of duty and vice versa.
1.13. Rest period:
An uninterrupted and defined period of time during which a crew member is free from all duties and airport standby.
1.14. Standby:
A defined period of time during which a crew member is required by the operator to be available to receive an assignment
for a flight, positioning or other duty without an intervening rest period.
1.15. Window of Circadian Low (WOCL):
The Window of Circadian Low (WOCL) is the period between 02.00 and 05.59. Within a band of three time zones
the WOCL refers to home base time. Beyond these three time zones the WOCL refers to home base time for the first
48 hours after departure from home base time zone, and to local time thereafter.

OPS 1.1100 Flight and duty limitations

1.1. Cumulative duty hours
An operator shall ensure that the total duty periods to which a crew member is assigned do not exceed:
(a) 190 duty hours in any 28 consecutive days, spread as evenly as practicable throughout this period; and
(b) 60 duty hours in any seven consecutive days.
1.2. Limit on total block times
An operator shall ensure that the total block times of the flights on which an individual crew member is assigned as an
operating crew member does not exceed
(a) 900 block hours in a calendar year;
(b) 100 block hours in any 28 consecutive days.

OPS 1.1105 Maximum daily flight duty period (FDP)

1.1. This OPS does not apply to single pilot operations and to emergency medical service operations.
1.2. An operator shall specify reporting times that realistically reflect the time for safety related ground duties as approved
by the Authority.

1.3. The maximum basic daily FDP is 13 hours.
1.4. These 13 hours will be reduced by 30 minutes for each sector from the third sector onwards with a maximum total
reduction of two hours.
1.5. When the FDP starts in the WOCL, the maximum stated in point 1.3 and point 1.4 will be reduced by 100 % of its
encroachment up to a maximum of two hours. When the FDP ends in or fully encompasses the WOCL, the maximum
FDP stated in point 1.3 and point 1.4 will be reduced by 50 % of its encroachment.
2. Extensions:
2.1. The maximum daily FDP can be extended by up to one hour.
2.2. Extensions are not allowed for a basic FDP of six sectors or more.
2.3. Where an FDP encroaches on the WOCL by up to two hours extensions are limited to up to four sectors.
2.4. Where an FDP encroaches on the WOCL by more than two hours extensions are limited to up to two sectors.
2.5. The maximum number of extensions is two in any seven consecutive days.
2.6. Where an FDP is planned to use an extension pre and post flight minimum rest is increased by two hours or post flight
rest only is increased by four hours. Where the extensions are used for consecutive FDPs the pre and post rest between
the two operations shall run consecutively.
2.7. When an FDP with extension starts in the period 22.00 to 04.59 the operator will limit the FDP to 11.45.
3. Cabin Crew
3.1. For cabin crew being assigned to a flight or series of flights, the FDP of the cabin crew may be extended by the difference
in reporting time between cabin crew and flight crew, as long as the difference does not exceed one hour.
4. Operational Robustness
4.1. Planned schedules must allow for flights to be completed within the maximum permitted flight duty period. To assist
in achieving this operators will take action to change a schedule or crewing arrangements at the latest where the actual
operation exceeds the maximum FDP on more than 33 % of the flights in that schedule during a scheduled seasonal
period.
5. Positioning
5.1. All the time spent on positioning is counted as duty.
5.2. Positioning after reporting but prior to operating shall be included as part of the FDP but shall not count as a sector.
5.3. A positioning sector immediately following operating sector will be taken into account for the calculation of minimum
rest as defined in OPS 1.1110 points 1.1 and 1.2 below.
6. Extended FDP (split duty)
6.1. The Authority may grant approval to an operation based on an extended FDP including a break, subject to the provisions
of Article 8.
6.2. Each operator will have to demonstrate to the Authority, using operational experience and taking into account other
relevant factors, such as current scientific knowledge, that its request for an extended FDP produces an equivalent level
of safety.

OPS 1.1110 Rest

1. Minimum rest
1.1. The minimum rest which must be provided before undertaking a flight duty period starting at home base shall be at
least as long as the preceding duty period or 12 hours whichever is the greater;
1.2. The minimum rest which must be provided before undertaking a flight duty period starting away from home base
shall be at least as long as the preceding duty period or 10 hours whichever is the greater; when on minimum rest
away from home base, the operator must allow for an eight hour sleep opportunity taking due account of travelling
and other physiological needs;
1.3. An operator will ensure that effects on crew members of time zone differences will be compensated by additional
rest, as regulated by the Authority subject to the provisions of Article 8.
1.4.1. Notwithstanding 1.1 and 1.2 and subject to the provisions of Article 8, the Authority may grant reduced rest
arrangements.
1.4.2. Each operator will have to demonstrate to the Authority, using operational experience and taking into account other
relevant factors, such as current scientific knowledge, that its request for reduced rest arrangements produces an
equivalent level of safety.
2. Rest periods
2.1. An operator shall ensure that the minimum rest provided as outlined above is increased periodically to a weekly rest
period, being a 36-hour period including two local nights, such that there shall never be more than 168 hours
between the end of one weekly rest period and the start of the next. As an exception to OPS 1.1095 point 1.9, the
Authority may decide that the second of those local nights may start from 20:00 hours if the weekly rest period has
a duration of at least 40 hours.

OPS 1.1115 Extension of flight duty period due to in-flight rest

1. Subject to the provisions of Article 8 and providing each operator demonstrates to the Authority, using operational
experience and taking into account other relevant factors such as current scientific knowledge, that its request produces
an equivalent level of safety:
1.1. Flight crew augmentation
The Authority shall set the requirements in connection with the augmentation of a basic flight crew for the purpose of
extending the flight duty period beyond the limits in OPS 1.1105 above.
1.2. Cabin crew
The Authority shall set the requirements in connection with the minimum in-flight rest by cabin crew member(s) when
the FDP goes beyond the limitations in OPS 1.1105 above.

OPS 1.1120 Unforeseen circumstances in actual flight operations — commander’s discretion

1. Taking into account the need for careful control of these instances implied underneath, during the actual flight operation,
which starts at the reporting time, the limits on flight duty, duty and rest periods prescribed in this Subpart may
be modified in the event of unforeseen circumstances. Any such modifications must be acceptable to the commander
after consultation with all other crew members and must, in all circumstances, comply with the following:

1.1. The maximum FDP referred to in OPS 1.1105 point 1.3 above may not be increased by more than two hours unless
the flight crew has been augmented, in which case the maximum flight duty period may be increased by not more
than three hours;
1.1.1. If on the final sector within a FDP unforeseen circumstances occur after take off that will result in the permitted
increase being exceeded, the flight may continue to the planned destination or alternate;
1.1.2. In the event of such circumstances, the rest period following the FDP may be reduced but never below the minimum
rest defined in OPS 1.1110 point 1.2 of this Subpart;
1.2. The Commander shall, in case of special circumstances, which could lead to severe fatigue, and after consultation with
the crew members affected, reduce the actual flight duty time and/or increase the rest time in order to eliminate any
detrimental effect on flight safety;
1.3. An operator shall ensure that:
1.3.1. The Commander submits a report to the operator whenever a FDP is increased by his/her discretion or when a rest
period is reduced in actual operation and
1.3.2. Where the increase of a FDP or reduction of a rest period exceeds one hour, a copy of the report, to which the operator
must add his comments, is sent to the Authority no later than 28 days after the event.

OPS 1.1125 Standby

1. Airport standby
1.1. A crew member is on airport standby from reporting at the normal report point until the end of the notified standby
period.
1.2. Airport standby will count in full for the purposes of cumulative duty hours.
1.3. Where airport standby is immediately followed by a flight duty, the relationship between such airport standby and
the assigned flight duty shall be defined by the Authority. In such a case, airport standby shall be added to the duty
period referred to in OPS 1.1110 under points 1.1 and 1.2 for the purposes of calculating minimum rest.
1.4. Where the airport standby does not lead to assignment on a flight duty, it shall be followed at least by a rest period
as regulated by the Authority.
1.5. While on airport standby the operator will provide to the crew member a quiet and comfortable place not open to
the public.
2. Other forms of standby (including standby at hotel)
2.1. Subject to the provisions of Article 8, all other forms of standby shall be regulated by the Authority, taking into
account the following:
2.1.1. All activity shall be rostered and/or notified in advance.
2.1.2. The start and end time of the standby shall be defined and notified in advance.
2.1.3. The maximum length of any standby at a place other than a specified reporting point shall be determined.
2.1.4. Taking into account facilities available for the crew member to rest and other relevant factors, the relationship
between the standby and any assigned flight duty resulting from the standby shall be defined.
2.1.5. The counting of standby times for the purposes of cumulative duty hours shall be defined.

OPS 1.1130 Nutrition

A meal and drink opportunity must occur in order to avoid any detriment to a crew member’s performance, especially when
the FDP exceeds six hours.

OPS 1.1135 Flight duty, duty and rest period records

1. An operator shall ensure that crew member’s records include:
(a) block times;
(b) start, duration and end of each duty or flight duty periods;
(c) rest periods and days free of all duties;
and are maintained to ensure compliance with the requirements of this Subpart; copies of these records will be made
available to the crew member upon request.
2. If the records held by the operator under paragraph 1 do not cover all of his/her flight duty, duty and rest periods, the
crew member concerned shall maintain an individual record of his/her:
(a) block times;
(b) start, duration and end of each duty or flight duty periods; and
(c) rest periods and days free of all duties.
3. A crew member shall present his/her records on request to any operator who employs his/her services before he/she
commences a flight duty period.
4. Records shall be preserved for at least 15 calendar months from the date of the last relevant entry or longer if required
in accordance with national laws.
5. Additionally, operators shall separately retain all aircraft commander’s discretion reports of extended flight duty
periods, extended flight hours and reduced rest periods for at least six months after the event.

 

 

 

Flight Time Limitations (FTL) - Czech Republic

1 General

These Requirements contains regulations determining the maximum permissible duty periods, flight duty periods and block times for crew members. Also the rules concerning the assignment of crew member’s standby duties are prescribed.

Utilization of flight crew members shall be limited in such a way as not to jeopardize the safety of flight by overloading the crew member on a given single duty or by the cumulative fatigue in cases where a flight crew member is scheduled to complete a row of consecutive duties.

Flights shall be planned so that duty periods, flight duty periods and minimum rest periods are within prescribed limits taking into consideration other factors such as daytime and nighttime duty, the positioning of crew, breaks between flights and the availability of prone rest.

If the flight crew members conduct other flight activities aside from commercial air transport they must observe the requirements given by paragraph 9.1.1.

2 Terms and Definitions

For the purpose of these requirements the terms listed below have the following meaning:

2.1 Adequate Facilities

A quiet and suitably furnished place not open to the public intended for crew member’s break or standby.

2.2 Augmented Crew (FLT-AC)

A crew which comprises more crew members than the basic flight crew, but less than the double crew for a given aircraft and in which each crew member can leave his post and be replaced by another suitably qualified crew member for some part of the flight.

2.3 Basic Cabin Crew (FLT-BC)

A crew complement of flight attendants set forth by the Operations Manual, Part A as a minimum required for aircraft emergency evacuation of maximum permissible number of passengers on board. The actual number of flight attendants assigned to a cabin crew may be increased by the operator because of commercial reasons.

2.4 Basic Flight Crew (FLT-BC)

A crew complement consisting of the number of crew members set forth by the Operations Manual, Part A. The basic flight crew shall not consist of a smaller number of crew members than that required in subparagraph 2.18.

2.5 Block Time

The time period between an aircraft first moving from its parking place for the purpose of taking off until it comes to rest on the designated parking position or until the last engine is stopped, whichever takes place later.

2.6 Break

An uninterrupted time period of less than 11 hours and longer than 2 hours and 59 minutes that counts as part of a split duty. During this time period the crew member is free of all duties.

2.7 Calendar Day

A time period consisting of 24 consecutive hours commencing at 00:00 hours local time.

2.8 Crew Member

A flight crew member and/or a flight attendant with an appropriate license

2.9 Day

A time period consisting of 24 consecutive hours commencing at 00:00 UTC.

2.10 Day Off (DOF)

A calendar day notified by the duty roster in advance as a day in which the crew member is relieved of all duties by the operator. A single day off shall include two local nights. A rest period may be included as part of a day off. Days off shall be planned at crew members’ home base so that crew members are relieved of all duties by the operator.

2.11 Double Crew (FLT-DC)

A crew comprised of double the number of crew members for all positions required by the Operations Manual, Part A for a given type of aircraft. The composition of the double crew shall allow for each crew member to be replaced by another crew member of required qualification approximately half way through a flight duty period.

2.12 Duty

Any task that a crew member is required to carry out at the behest of the operator or any other activities carried out by the crew member that are associated with flight operations or the business of an AOC holder.

2.13 Duty Period

The time period which starts when the crew member reports for a duty at a time and place required by the operator and ends when the crew member is free from all duties.

2.14 Flight Crew Member

A pilot, flight engineer or navigator designated by the operator for a duty on board of an aircraft during the flight.

2.15 Flight Duty Period (FDP)

A time period which commences when a crew member reports for a duty (at a time designated by the operator or at the starting time of duty period) that includes a flight or a series of flights and which finishes at the end of the post-flight activities following the end of the block time of the final flight of this flight duty.

2.16 Home Base

The airport at a place nominated by the operator to the crew member where, under normal conditions, the operator is not responsible for the accommodation of the crew member concerned unless utilizing the provisions of the split duty. In cases where the operator temporarily designates a new home base abroad, the operator is required to provide suitable accommodation to the crew member concerned.

2.17 Local Night

A period of 8 hours falling between 22.00 hours and 08.00 hours local time.

2.18 Minimum Crew

A crew compliment set forth by the Aeroplane Flight Manual (AFM) for a given type of aircraft.

2.19 Notification Time

The period of time that the Company allows between the time a crew member on standby receives a call requiring him to report for duty and the time he is required to report for that duty.

2.20 Operating Crew Member

A crew member who carries out his duties in an aircraft during a flight or during any part of a flight.

2.21 Positioning

The transferring of a crew member from one place of duty to another place of duty at the behest of an operator excluding traveling as defined in the subparagraph 2.29.

2.22 Reporting Time

The time at which a crew member is required by an operator to report for any duty.

2.23 Rest Period

An uninterrupted time period of a minimum length defined by the provisions of these Requirements between two consecutive duty periods during which a crew member is free of all duties and/or standby.

2.24 Sector

A flight segment between an aerodrome where an aircraft took off and an aerodrome of its subsequent landing.

2.25 Split Duty

A FDP which consists of two duties separated by a break.

2.26 Standby

A defined period of time rostered in advance during which a crew member is required by the operator to be available to receive an assignment for flight duty.

2.27 Suitable Accommodation

A suitably furnished bedroom with single occupancy for each crew member which is subject to minimum noise, is well ventilated and should have the facility to control the levels of light and temperature in the room.

2.28 Time Difference

The number of hours separating local standard time at two geographical locations (disregarding "daylight saving time")

2.29 Traveling

All traveling time spent by a crew member during a transfer between the place of duty and a place of suitable accommodation or break and vice versa.

2.30 Window of Circadian Low – WOCL

The time period between 02:00 hours and 05:59 hours. Within a band of 3 time zones the WOCL refers to local time of a crew member’s home base. Beyond these 3 time zones the WOCL refers to the local time of the aerodrome of departure within the first 48 hours, and thereafter, to the local time of the destination aerodrome.

3 Operator's Responsibilities

3.1 The Company is required to

a) Ensure the observation of requirements as defined by the Flight and Duty Time Limitations and Rest Scheme (FTL)

b) Maintain records showing block times, start and end times for each crew member’s duty or FDP, rest periods, as well as number of days off for each crew member and store commander’s flight reports concerning each case of flight duty extension or rest reduction. These records will be maintained for the minimum period of 15 months.

c) Establish and constantly update own system of internal audit to ensure the observation of requirements as defined by the FTL. The system updates should result from operator’s operational experience gathered from commander’s flight reports concerning abnormal situations, including reports of potentially dangerous situations arising from crew members’ fatigue. Proposed revisions of the FTL based on the operational experience gathered shall be presented to the Authority.

Copies of the records as well as flight reports listed in paragraph c) will be made available to crew members on their request.

3.2 The Company shall ensure that

a) In cases of FDP extension (as per paragraph 12.1a)) or rest time reduction (as per paragraph 12.1c)) due to unforeseen circumstances relating to actual flight operations a written report of such an occurrence will be submitted by the aircraft commander.

b) In cases of maximum allowed FDP extension or minimum required rest period reduction exceeding 1 hour the Flight Operations Department submits the commander’s written report of such an occurrence with explanatory comments to the Authority within the period of 28 days of the occurrence.

4 Crew Member’s Responsibilities

4.1 Crew member shall not

a) Commence duty if he would not meet the requirements set forth by the FTL. In such a case the crew member shall notify the Crew Scheduling Officer or the Operations Control Officer on duty. Same consideration also applies before commencing another flight segment within a given FDP. Crew member shall pay attention especially to the length of individual FDPs and their possible extensions, rest periods and their possible reductions, rest time required within the sequence of planned duty periods as well as cumulative block times limitations

b) Commence or continue a FDP if he knows that he is suffering from or is likely to suffer from fatigue, or feels unfit to the extent that the flight safety may be endangered.

4.2 Crew member is required to

a) Participate in establishing of a company internal system for auditing the operational compliance of operator’s FTL. Crew member shall also notify the Safety Officer or the Flight Operations Manager of any abnormal situation / occurrence where fatigue of crew member has been a cause or a contributing factor and during which flight safety may have been endangered

b) Maintain own records indicating the block times, flight duty periods, duty periods, and rest periods as well as a record of days off

c) Submit his personally maintained records to another operator before commencement of a FDP on behalf of the other operator

d) Submit his personally maintained records of any FDPs accomplished on behalf of another operator to Fischer Air’s Crew Scheduling unit.

5 Competence of the Civil Aviation Authority

5.1 The Authority may grant

a) The operator with a one-time / short term variations from the requirements of the FTL set forth in this Requirements in order to carry out a special flight
b) A variation only in exceptional cases and for individual flight/ series of flights on the basis of operator’s request that must show justification for such a variation
c) A variation only if the operator can demonstrate to the Authority that its request for a variation produces an equivalent level of safety.

5.2 The Authority is entitled to

a) Issue explanatory / methodical directives to the operator that specifies detailed procedures for implementation of this scheme in an actual flight operation.

6 Duty Periods

6.1 Cumulative Duty Hours

The Company shall ensure that crew member’s total cumulative duty hours do not exceed:

a) 1800 hours in any 12 consecutive calendar months. This limit may be further increased to 2000 hours in any 12 consecutive calendar months for crew members who have a significant share of contracted non-flying office duties
b) 190 hours in any 28 consecutive calendar days
c) 60 hours in any 7 consecutive calendar days.

6.2 Duty period encompasses:

a) Time of an uninterrupted FDP
b) Time of a split duty period including break (the method for accounting split duty period in cumulative duty hours is described in paragraph 7.9, section d)
c) Time spent by positioning or traveling of a crew member (in accordance with paragraph 9.5 and 7.9 section f))
d) Time spent on standby (provisions for counting of standby credit towards duty/ cumulative duty hours are set forth in paragraph 11.3)
e) Time spent on ground/ flight training (including a simulator training)
f) Time spent by accomplishment of administrative/ executive duties at the behest of the operator
g) Time spent on examinations by an Aeromedical Examiner to evaluate crew member’s medical fitness
h) Time spent on other duties accomplished on a request of the operator.

6.3 Duty Period Credit

Activities not defined otherwise are to be credited towards the duty period by the entire time of their duration.

7 Flight Duty Period (FDP)

7.1 Flight Duty Period Credit

The FDP starts with the commencement of duty and it encompasses:

a) Block times, including the time reserved for pre-flight preparation duties
b) Waiting time spent during a delayed departure
c) Turnaround times
d) Time period spent on standby (provisions for counting of standby credit towards a FDP are set forth in paragraph 11.3)
e) Time spent by other activities listed in paragraph 6.2 when a flight immediately follows these activities without intervening rest period.

7.2 Reporting Time

The reporting time for commencement of a FDP shall provide sufficient time for pre-flight preparation and other safety related ground duties and it is as follows:

a) 90 minutes before the first planned off block time for a FDP consisting of one or more ETOPS sector
b) 60 minutes before the first planned off block time for all other FDPs

7.3 Post-flight Activities

7.3.1 The time period of 30 minutes required to accomplish all post-flight tasks after completion of the last flight of a given FDP counts towards this FDP for all crew members including the cabin crew.Maximum Daily Flight Duty Period (FDP) for Multi-pilot Flight Crew and Cabin Crew Members

7.4 The maximum basic daily FDP

7.4.1 The maximum basic daily FDP is 13 hours.

7.4.2 These 13 hours shall be further reduced by 30 minutes for each sector from the 3rd sector onwards. Maximum FDP reduction for the number of sectors is 2 hours.

7.4.3 When the FDP starts in the Window of Circadian Low (WOCL), the maximum FDP limit stated in paragraphs 7.4.1 and 7.4.2 shall be further reduced by 100% of its encroachment on the WOCL. This reduction shall be a maximum of 2 hours. When the FDP ends in or fully encompasses the WOCL, the maximum FDP limit stated in paragraphs 7.4.1 and 7.4.2 shall be further reduced by 50% of its encroachment.

7.4.4 Planned schedules must allow for flights to be completed within the maximum permitted FDP. To assist in achieving these operators will take action to change a schedule or crewing arrangements where the operation fails to achieve 66% regularly within the maximum.

7.5 Planned FDP Extensions

7.5.1 Maximum FDP limits may be extended by 1 hour provided the following conditions are met:

a) The FDP extension is not allowed for FDP consisting of 6 sectors or more
b) Where the FDP encroaches on the WOCL by up to 2 hours, the FDP extension is limited by a maximum of 4 sectors
c) Where the FDP encroaches on the WOCL by more than 2 hours, the FDP extension is limited by a maximum of 2 sectors
d) The maximum number of extensions is 2 between the two periods of rest set forth by paragraph 9.2 (36 hours or 60 hours)
e) The basic rest periods determined in accordance with paragraph 9.1 preceding and following the extended FDP shall be increased by 2 hours each or the basic rest period following the extended FDP shall be increased by 4 hours. In cases where 2 extended FDP follow in sequence the required extension of basic rest period in between them adds up
f) When the FDP with extension starts in the period between 22:00 hours and 04:59 hours, the maximum FDP is limited to 11 hours and 45 minutes.

7.5.2 FDP limits defined by paragraph 7.4 can be further extended by use of:

a) The split duty according to paragraph 7.9, or
b) Double or augmented crew in accordance with paragraphs 7.7 and 7.8

7.6 Mixed operations

7.6.1 If within same FDP a crew member carries out either training flights or simulator training which is followed by a commercial air transportation flight, then the duration of flight simulator training or training flights shall be doubled for the purpose of calculating FDP limits in accordance with paragraph 7.4 above. The number of landings performed during the training flights or flight simulator training need not be taken into account.

7.7 Augmented Crew (FLT-AC)

If an augmented crew is used, the maximum permissible planned FDP is 16 hours irrespective of the FDP reporting time, with a maximum of 4 landings and provided the following conditions are met:

a) A comfortable reclining seat in the area of cabin arranged for higher than an economy class (for a multiple class cabin configuration) is available for each resting crew member
b) A common group of seats (row subsection) may be shared only by another crew member; under no circumstances may the common group of seats be shared by any crew member and a passenger
c) Seats intended for crew member(s) rest shall be separated from the flight deck and screened from the passengers, preferably by a cabin divider.

7.8 Double crew (FLT-DC)

If a double crew is used, the maximum permissible planned FDP is 18 hours irrespective of the FDP reporting time, with a maximum of 6 landings and provided the following conditions are met:

a) For crew members replacing other crew members in flight a sleeping bunk separated and screened both from the flight deck and from the passenger cabin is available, and
b) Also comfortable reclining seats which do not necessarily need to be screened from the passengers are available.

7.9 Split duty

When a FDP consists of 2 duties separated by a break defined and notified to the crew member in advance, the Company may increase the allowable planned FDP in accordance with the table below, subject all the conditions set forth below are met.

Consecutive hours breakPermitted increase in FDP
From 0 hours to 2 hours and 59 minutes No increase permitted
From 3 hours to 6 hours and 59 minutes 1/2 lenght of break
From 7 hours to 10 hours and 59 minutes 2/3 length of break or 1½ length of break if at least 7 hours of the break fall between 20:00-08:00 hours local time where the break occurs

The limits for a possible maximum FDP extension based on the length of break defined by table in paragraph 7.9 are subject to the following conditions:

a) The Company shall ensure that the parts of the FDP before and after the break do not exceed 10 hours, and the total FDP, as increased in accordance with the table above, does not exceed 20 hours and 30 minutes,
b) The Company shall ensure that split duty is not combined with augmented or doubled crew,
c) If the break is 4 hours or more, or the break covers 3 hours or more of the period between 22:00 – 06:00 hours local time at the place where it occurs, suitable accommodation shall be provided; in all other circumstances adequate facilities shall be provided,
d) With regard to the cumulative duty hours set forth in paragraph 6.1, the full period of the break is accountable if the break is less than 8 hours; 50% of the period of the break is accountable provided the break is 8 hours or longer,
e) Only one break is used within one FDP,
f) If the total traveling time in both directions between the place of duty and adequate facilities or suitable accommodation exceeds one hour, any traveling time in excess of the 1 hour total is deducted from the break for the purposes of calculating the increased FDP (in accordance with the table above),
g) The time difference between the place of the beginning of the duty and the place at which the break is taken is not greater than two hours,
h) The minimum time period of 1 hour required to accomplish operation related duties in between flights (post-flight duties preceding the break and pre-flight duties after the break) can not be counted towards the break.

8 Block Times

The Company shall ensure that the total block times of the flights on which an individual flight crew member is assigned as an operating crew member do not exceed:

a) 100 hours in any 28 consecutive calendar days; and
b) 280 hours in any 90 consecutive calendar days; and
c) 900 hours in any 12 consecutive calendar months

9 Rest Requirements

9.1 Rest period

The Company shall ensure that:

a) Before the start of a FDP a crew member has been provided with a rest period at least as long as:

  • the preceding duty period or 12 hours at home base whichever is the greater or
  • the preceding duty period or 10 hours away from home base whichever is the greater

b) The minimum rest period following a FDP in which split duty credit has been used is at least as long as the total FDP including the break, except that, if suitable accommodation was provided with at least 8 hours sleep opportunity, the duration of the break need not be included in the rest period calculation.

9.1.1 Crew members shall make optimum use of the opportunities and facilities for rest provided and plan to use their rest periods properly in order to report for their following flight duty both physically and mentally rested.

9.2 Rest Period Increase in a Sequence of Planned Duty Periods

The Company shall ensure that the minimum rest periods prescribed in paragraph 9.1 above are increased to at least:

a) One 36 hour period of consecutive rest which includes at least 2 local nights within 7 consecutive days, or
b) One 60 hour period of consecutive rest which includes at least 3 local nights within 10 consecutive days.

9.2.1 The period of 7 or 10 consecutive days respectively commences at 00:00 hours UTC following the day when the crew member first reported for duty after completing his/her rest period prescribed by subparagraphs 9.2 a) or 9.2 b).

9.3 Days Off (DOF)

The Company shall provide the crew member with days off as follows:

a) A minimum of 7 days off which may include required rest periods within each calendar month, and
b) At least 24 days off which may include required rest periods within each calendar quarter.

9.4 Suitable Accommodation

The Company shall provide suitable accommodation when rest periods are required away from the home base.

9.5 Rest Period at a Place of a Suitable Accommodation

The Company shall ensure that:

a) If the total traveling time in both directions between the place of duty and suitable accommodation provided by the operator exceeds 2 hours, then any excess is added to the minimum rest period; or
b) If the total traveling time in both directions between the place of duty and suitable accommodation provided by the operator is less than 1½ hours, then the time difference by which the traveling time is shorter than 2 hours may be deducted from the minimum rest period but the rest time at the place of suitable accommodation shall not be less than 10 hours.

10 Time Difference

10.1 Rest Period Requirements upon Changing Time Zones

The Company shall ensure that when the time difference between the places of the beginning and the end of one FDP is 4 hours or more, the crew member is provided with a minimum rest period of 14 hours increased by additional 30 minutes per each time zone crossed.

10.2 Rest Period Requirements at Crew Member’s Home Base

The Company shall ensure that a crew member who performed one or more flight duties during which the time difference between the places of beginning and the end of duty is 4 hours or more (the same as defined by paragraph 10.1) and who finished his FDP at a place with a time difference of less than 1 hour from his home base is provided with a rest period in accordance with paragraphs 10.2.1 and 10.2.2 below.

10.2.1 When the time away from home base was 60 hours or less, the minimum required rest period shall be:

a) 24 hours; or
b) Four times the time difference between the crew member’s home base and the place with the greatest time difference at which a rest period was taken (up to 12 hours maximum), whichever is higher.

10.2.2 When the time away from home base was more than 60 hours, the minimum required rest period shall be:

a) 48 hours; or
b) Eight times the time difference between the crew member’s home base and the place with the greatest time difference at which a rest period was taken (up to 12 hours maximum), whichever is higher.

However, if the last rest period before returning to home base was 48 hours or more, and was taken at a place separated by less than 4 hours time difference from the home base, the factor 8, used to calculate the rest period (as defined above in paragraph 10.2.2 b), may be reduced to 4.

10.3 Return to Home Base

If the FDP mentioned in paragraph 10.2 above does not end at the home base, the crew member is permitted to undertake only one single FDP ending at the home base before commencing a rest period calculated in accordance with paragraphs 10.2.1 and 10.2.2 above as applicable.

10.4 Accumulation of Duties with Change of 4 or More Time Zones

To determine required minimum rest periods the Company shall also take into account a frequency of FDPs where crew members cross 4 or more time zones or cases where only such duty periods are undertaken by a crew member. For these cases the Company will prepare a minimum required rest scheme designed to eliminate a cumulative fatigue caused by a composition of FDPs. Such a scheme shall be approved by the Authority.

11 Standby

11.1 Forms of Standby Based on the Place of Standby

The Company may elect to place crew members on standby:

a) Airport standby without an opportunity of rest in bed (STBY-W),
b)In suitable accommodation provided by the Company including suitable accommodation at home base (STBY-B),
c) At home (crew member’s residence) (STBY-H)

11.2 Standby Limits

The Company may place crew members on standby for a maximum of:

a) 12 hours within one duty period,
b) 72 hours of actual standby within the period of 28 consecutive days (irrespective of the way standby duty credit is counted towards a duty period),
c) 400 hours of actual standby within the period of one calendar year (irrespective of the way standby duty credit is counted towards a duty period)

11.3 Counting of Standby Duty Credit towards the FDP and Cumulative Duty Hours

a) Airport standby without an opportunity of rest in bed leading to assignment on a flight duty counts by one half of the actual duration of standby towards this FDP, while the actual duration of standby counts in full towards the cumulative duty hours.
b) Standby undertaken in suitable accommodation does not count towards FDP, while its actual duration counts at half rate towards the cumulative duty hours.
c) Standby duty undertaken at home (crew member’s residence) does not count towards FDP, while its actual duration counts at half rate towards the cumulative duty hours, except for the first 4 hours of the standby for which no credit is given.

Provisions of Paragraph 11.3 in a Table Format:

Form of StandbyCredit of Standby Period Towards:
FDPCumulative Duty Hours
Airport standby without an opportunity of rest in bed One half In full
In suitable accommodation No credit given One half
At home (crew member’s residence) No credit given One half except for the first 4 hours for which no credit is given

After completion of a preceding standby or duty period, the crew member can undertake another standby or duty before completion of an appropriate rest period.

11.5 Standby within a Sequence of Planned Duty Periods

The days during which a crew member has been undertaking standby shall be considered as days on duty (relating to paragraph 9.2). The days spent on standby can not be counted as the day off (relating to paragraph 9.3) and a time period spent on standby can not be considered a rest period.

11.6 Standby as a Part of a FDP

In cases where a standby is planned to immediately precede or immediately succeed a FDP the entire actual length of the standby period shall be counted towards the FDP.

11.7 Notification Time

The form, start and end time of a standby shall be defined and notified to a crew member in advance and the minimum notification time shall be specified. The minimum required notification time shall allow sufficient time for the crew member to complete required pre-flight preparation duties. If the crew member undertaking standby at home does not manage to report for flight duty on time due to a late notification or other reasons out of his control (e.g. traffic jams), the flight shall be delayed in order to provide an ample time for pre-flight duties.

12 Unforeseen Circumstances in Actual Flight Operations

12.1 FDP Extension or Rest Period Reduction

If during the actual flight operation, which starts at the reporting time, a delay introduced by unforeseen circumstances preventing completion of a FDP in accordance with the FTL occurs, the limits on FDP, duty period and minimum rest periods may be modified at the commander’s discretion. Any such modifications shall be acceptable to the commander after consultation with all other crew members and shall, in all circumstances, comply with the following:

a) The allowable FDP shall not be increased by more than 2 hours unless the flight crew has been augmented or doubled, in which case the allowable FDP shall not be increased by more than 3 hours.
b) If on the final sector within a FDP unforeseen circumstances occur after take off that will result in the permitted increase set forth by paragraph 12.1, section a) being exceeded, the flight may continue to the planned destination or alternate.
c) The required rest period may be reduced by a maximum of 2 hours but to not less than 10 hours and 30 minutes provided that a crew member’s previous rest period was not reduced. The amount by which a rest period is reduced shall be added to the next rest period which shall not be further reduced. During any reduction of a required rest period a sleep opportunity of no less than 8 hours shall always be provided.

12.2 Change of a FDP into a Split Duty

If after the start of a FDP an unforeseen situation arises, as a result of which the Company requires a crew member to take a break, the crew member(s) concerned shall be informed before the break commences, and the split duty requirements set forth by paragraph 7.9 shall be observed.

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